Chinese Judicial Transparency Index Research
Chinese Judicial Transparency Index Research is an important project ，which is supported by the National Social Science Fund. It fills the domestic blank.
This project, of which Professor Qian Hongdao is the leading expert, was established in 2013.
Experts, scholars, doctors and post-doctorals, from Zhejiang University, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, State Atatistics Bureau, China Rule of Law Research Institute, University of Hong Kong, Shandong University and so on, have participated in this project. Wuxing People’s Court of Huzhou City in Zhejiang Province is also one of the participants of this project.
The concept of judicial transparency index was first proposed by Professor Qian Hongdao in 2011, and it was listed as one of the important projects of 2012 by The Higher People’s Court of Zhejiang Province. Commissioned by The Higher People’s Court of Zhejiang Province, Professor Qian Hongdao held that project and took Wuxing People’s Court of Huzhou City in Zhejiang Province as an experimental area.
In 2012. the judicial transparency index of Wuxing People’s court, the first one of China, has been issued. Zhejiang University and The Higher People’s Court of Zhejiang Province have accomplished the project together. From 2013, this research result has been put into practice, and over 100 courts in Zhejiang have evaluated the “Sunshine judicial index”.
Meng Jianzhu (Leader of The Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China), Zhou Qiang (President of the Supreme People’s Court), and Shen Deyong (Vice President of the Supreme People’s Court) highly affirmed the demonstration role and researching significance of judicial transparency index.
Courts in other areas of China have learnt from the experience of The Higher People’s Court of Zhejiang province to promote the work of judicial openness.
In 2013, “The Decision of a Number of Major Issues on All Round Deepening Reform of CPC Central Committee” stipulated that”promoting the openness of trail, procuratorial work, and effective judgment documents of courts”. In 2014, “The Decision of a Number of Major Issues on Fully Promoting Rule of law of CPC Central Committee” confirmed that “constructing a sunshine judicial mechanism which is open, dynamic, transparent, and convenient”.
Judicial transparency index is one innovation system, and it assesses the situation of judicial transparency by designing a set of indexes and evaluating methods. Judicial transparency index can instruct judicial openness. It is the breakthrough of judicial reform; it is the rational way for the public to exercise rights and supervise judicature; it is the long-term mechanism of enhancing judicial credibility and establishing judicial authority.
In 2015, “Judicial transparency index” and “Sunshine judicial index” were included in “Judicial openness of courts of China”white paper of the Supreme People’s Court.